The term road bicycle is used to describe bicycles built for traveling at speed on paved roads. There are many types of bicycles that are used on the roads including: BMX, recumbents, racing, touring and utility bicycles.
Dedicated road bicycles have drop handlebars and multiple gears, although there are single and fixed gear varieties. Road bikes also use narrow, high-pressure tires to decrease rolling resistance, and tend to be somewhat lighter than other types of bicycle. The major sub-categories of road bicycle racing include one day races, stage races, and time trials (individual & team), criteriums, ultraendurance racing, and hill climbing events. There are sometimes different types of riders in road races who also specialize in specific roles (sprinters, climbers, Domestique, Puncheur, and All-rouder).
Road racing has been recognized as an Olympic sport since 1896.